German federal office BSI publishes Telemetry analysis

telemetry

The German Federal Office for Information Security, BSI (Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik) published a detailed Windows 10 Telemetry analysis on November 20, 2018.

The research paper, which is available in English (partially) and German, provides a deep analysis of Telemetry functionality that Microsoft implemented in the company’s Windows 10 operating system.

The paper is based on Windows 10 version 1607 Enterprise. It covers:

  • An overview of Windows 10’s event tracing functionality for Telemetry.
  • A technical analysis on how Telemetry data is collected and processed.
  • An analysis of the network interfaces and connections used to transfer Telemetry data.
  • A look at configuration and logging capabilities to monitor and control Telemetry data collecting.

The report is quite technical in nature and the first couple of pages are only available in German at the time of writing. You may want to skip ahead to page 9, Executive Summary, if you don’t understand German; the English part of the report begins with chapter 1.2.

Tip: An extra, German-only, paper is available that includes system-based and network-based options to limit or block the collection or transfer of Telemetry data to Microsoft.

You find interesting tidbits in the report even if you are not interested in technicalities like the number of Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) providers associated with Autologger-Diagtrack-Listener and Diagtrack Listener for each of the supported Telemetry levels:

  • Security — 9 and 4 ETW Providers
  • Basic — 93 and 410 ETW Providers
  • Enhanced — 105 and 418 ETW Providers
  • Full — 112 and 422 ETW Providers

The Security telemetry level is reserved to Enterprise editions of Windows 10. Home users may choose between Basic and Full, and the difference in providers is not as large as one would think based on the analysis.

The number of ETW Providers stands in no direct correlation to the amount of data that is collected or its quality according to the researchers.

The report list hostnames and IP addresses that Windows 10’s Telemetry service uses for communication based on a connection log of 48 hours.

Hostname IP Address Location
geo.settings-win.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net 40.77.226.249 Ireland, Dublin
db5-eap.settings-win.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net
settings-win.data.microsoft.com
db5.settings-win.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net
asimov-win.settings.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net
db5.vortex.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net 40.77.226.250 Ireland, Dublin
v10-win.vortex.data.microsft.com.akadns.net
geo.vortex.data.microsoft.com.akadns.net
v10.vortex-win.data.microsft.com
us.vortex-win.data.microsft.com 13.92.194.212 United States, Boston
eu.vortex-win.data.microsft.com 52.178.38.151 Netherlands, Amsterdam
vortex-win-sandbox.data.microsoft.com 52.229.39.152 United States, LA
alpha.telemetry.microsft.com 52.183.114.173 United States, LA
oca.telemetry.microsft.com 13.78.232.226 United States, Cheyenne

Last but not least, there is an appendix that list external executable files. Not all of them are used for Telemetry purposes though.

Here is the entire listing:

Executable Description
%SystemRoot%System32telsvc.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%SysWow64dtdump.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%SysWow64RdrLeakDiag.exe No description available
%SystemRoot %system32RdrLeakDiag.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32appidtel.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32disksnapshot.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32bcdedit.exe A tool for managing the Boot Configuration Database (BCD);
%SystemRoot%system32dxdiag.exe A tool for collecting information on devices;
%SystemRoot%system32dispdiag.exe A tool for collecting and logging information on displays;
%ProgramFiles%internet exploreriediagcmd.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32icacls.exe A tool for displaying and modifying access control lists;
%SystemRoot%system32licensingdiag.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32ipconfig.exe A tool for displaying network information and configuring network settings
%SystemRoot%system32msinfo32.exe A tool for displaying information about the hardware and software enviroment deployed on a platform;
%SystemRoot%system32logman.exe A tool for configuring, and displaying information about, the ETW environment;
%SystemRoot%system32netsh.exe A tool for displaying network information and configuring network settings;
%SystemRoot%system32netcfg.exe A tool for installing the Windows preinstallation environment, a lightweight version of Windows;
%SystemRoot%system32route.exe A tool for displaying and modifying the platform’s IP routing table;
%SystemRoot%system32powercfg.exe A tool for configuring power settings (e.g., configuring the platform’s standby mode)
%SystemRoot%system32stordiag.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32settingsynchost.exe No description available
%SystemRoot%system32verifier.exe A tool for detecting and troubleshooting driver issues;
%SystemRoot%system32tracelog.exe A tool for managing ETW environment (e.g., activation and deactivation of ETW sessions);
%SystemRoot%system32whoami.exe A tool for displaying information on the user currently logged on to the system; https
%SystemRoot%system32wevtutil.exe A tool for managing the EventLog environment;
%SystemRoot%system32wscollect.exe No description available

Administrators and researchers may also be interested in a tools and script package that was released as part of the analysis.

Closing Words

The reports provide detailed Telemetry information that is useful to interested Windows users but especially to administrators who want to know more about how Telemetry works on Windows 10 devices.

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Summary

German federal office BSI publishes Telemetry analysis

Article Name

German federal office BSI publishes Telemetry analysis

Description

The German Federal Office for Information Security published a detailed Windows 10 Telemetry analysis on November 20, 2018.

Author

Martin Brinkmann

Publisher

Ghacks Technology News

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